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Honorable Betty Roberts Papers

Overview

Abstract

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Detailed Description

Audio and Video

Campaigns

Clippings

Issues

Legal Career

Legal Organizations and Associations

Political Career

Presidential Campaigns

Speeches

Women in Law and Politics

Memoir and Memorials

Photographs

Oversized



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By Bryce R. Henry

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Collection Overview

Title: Honorable Betty Roberts Papers, 1966-2010Add to your cart.

ID: SC/2009.5

Primary Creator: Roberts, Betty Cantrell (1923-2011)

Extent: 7.25 Linear Feet

Languages: English

Abstract

The Betty Roberts papers are comprised primarily of paper records, photographs, sound recordings, and a videotape documenting Betty Roberts’ political and judicial careers (1965-1986).

This collection is arranged into 12 series: Audio and Video; Campaigns; Clippings; Issues; Legal Career; Legal Organizations and Associations; Photographs; Political Career; Presidential Campaigns; Speeches; Women in Law and Politics; and Oversized.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

This collection is arranged into 12 series: Audio and Video; Campaigns; Clippings; Issues; Legal Career; Legal Organizations and Associations; Photographs; Political Career; Presidential Campaigns; Speeches; Women in Law and Politics; and Oversized.

The bulk of the material within this collection is comprised of paper records, photographs, sound recordings, and a videotape documenting Betty Roberts’ political and judicial careers (1965-1986). Additional material consists of Roberts’ various interests, activities, speeches, and awards from her public service career as well as after her resignation from the Oregon Supreme Court. The paper records consist of campaign materials and ephemera, correspondence, court books and case files, legislative session reports, media clippings, photographs, posters, publications, reports, studies, speeches and presentations.

There are often two sets of dates assigned to any given folder title. The first set of dates encompasses the material that the folder seeks to collect, while the second date reflects the inclusive dates (e.g., in the Abortion sub-series of the Issues series, there is the folder "1973 Benson v. Johnson, 1971-2009"). This two-date system is a result of Roberts' frequent updates of foldered material. The bulk of these updates are from newspaper/magazine clippings or email correspondence. When only the first date is present, the material in the folder or sub-series is all from that year.

Collection Historical Note

Betty Roberts was born in Arkansas City, Kansas on February 5, 1923. Her family relocated to Texas in the 1930s. She attended Texas Wesleyan College in Fort Worth for one year (1941-1942) before marrying Bill Rice in 1942.   After World War II, they moved to Oregon, where Bill became a banker and Roberts raised their four children.

In 1955, Roberts enrolled in evening classes at Eastern Oregon College in La Grande before the family relocated to Portland. She graduated from Portland State College in 1958 with a Bachelor of Science degree in education.  Roberts earned her Master’s degree in political science in 1962 from the University of Oregon, and her Juris Doctorate from the Northwestern School of Law of Lewis & Clark College in 1966.

Between 1958 and 1967 she taught high school in the Portland area before taking a part-time job teaching business law and political science at Mt. Hood Community College from 1967 until 1976. In 1959 she divorced Rice, and in 1960 married Frank Roberts whom she divorced in 1965. In 1968 she married fellow Representative Keith D. Skelton, but opted to retain the Roberts last name. Together as Skelton & Roberts the couple held a law firm from 1967-1977.

In 1964 and again in 1966, she was elected as a Democrat to the Oregon House of Representatives. In 1968 and again in 1972, she was elected to the Oregon Senate and was the only woman serving in the state senate at that time. In 1974, she ran for governor of Oregon, but lost in the Democratic primary. That same year, following the death of Democratic nominee Wayne Morse, she was chosen to run for United States Senate against Bob Packwood, but was ultimately unsuccessful. Roberts remained in the Oregon Senate until her 1977 appointment to the Oregon Court of Appeals.

In 1977, Roberts was appointed to the Oregon Court of Appeals as the first woman to serve on the court. The next year she ran a successful election to keep her seat on the appeals court for the full six-year term. She resigned from the appeals court in 1982 after Governor Victor Atiyeh appointed her to the Oregon Supreme Court, where she was again the first woman on the court. She retired from the Oregon Supreme Court in 1986.

Since her retirement from the Supreme Court, Betty Roberts has acted as a Senior Judge handling mediations and arbitrations. From 1988-1991 she was a visting professor at Oregon State Universtiy as the Dubach Endowed Chair in Political Science. She has been awarded numerous professional, education, and civic awards and honoraria in recognition of her work. In March 2004, she presided over the first legal same-sex marriage in Oregon.

Biographical Note

Betty Roberts was born in Arkansas City, Kansas on February 5, 1923. Her family relocated to Texas, where Roberts was raised, in the 1930s. She attended Texas Wesleyan College in Fort Worth for one year in 1940 before marrying Bill Rice in 1942. They moved to Oregon after World War II where Bill became a banker and Roberts raised their four children.

In 1955, Roberts enrolled in evening classes at Eastern Oregon College in La Grande before the family relocated to Portland. She graduated from Portland State College in 1958 with a Bachelor of Science degree in education.  Roberts earned her Master’s degree in political science in 1962 from the University of Oregon and then her Juris Doctorate from Northwest School of Law in 1966. Between 1958 and 1967 she taught high school in the Portland area before taking a job teaching business law and political science at Mt. Hood Community College from 1967 until 1978. In 1959 she divorced Rice, and in 1960 married Frank Roberts whom she stayed married to until 1965. In 1968 she married fellow Representative, Keith D. Skelton.

In 1964, and again in 1966, she was elected as a Democrat to the Oregon House of Representatives. In 1968, and again in 1972, she was elected to the Oregon Senate and was the only woman serving in the state senate at that time. In 1974 she ran for governor of Oregon, but lost in the Democratic primary. That same year she was chosen to run for Oregon United States Senate - following the death of Democratic nominee Wayne Morse - against Bob Packwood but was ultimately unsuccessful.

In 1977, Roberts was appointed to the Oregon Court of Appeals. The next year she ran a successful election to keep her seat on the appeals court for the full six-year term. She resigned from the appeals court in 1982 when Governor Victor Atiyeh appointed her to the Oregon Supreme Court where she became the first woman on the court. She retired from the Oregon Supreme Court in 1986.

During and since her retirement, Roberts has been awarded numerous awards and honorariums for her work. Since her retirement from the Oregon Supreme Court she has worked as a mediator and arbitrator in alternative dispute resolution. In March 2004, she presided over the first legal same-sex marriage in Oregon.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Audio and Video, 1962-2009],
[Series 2: Campaigns, 1964-2008],
[Series 3: Clippings, 1941-2011],
[Series 4: Issues, 1905-2008],
[Series 5: Legal Career, 1977-2006],
[Series 6: Legal Organizations and Associations, 1998-2008],
[Series 7: Political Career, 1965-2009],
[Series 8: Presidential Campaigns, 1972-2008],
[Series 9: Speeches, 1971-1999],
[Series 10: Women in Law and Politics, 1971-2010],
[Series 11: Memoir and Memorials],
[Series 12: Photographs, 1966-2004],
[Series 13: Oversized, 1966-1985],
[All]

Series 2: Campaigns, 1964-2008Add to your cart.
Box 1Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 1: 1965-1969 Oregon State RepresentativeAdd to your cart.
Folder 14: 1964Add to your cart.
Posters, pictures, ephemera
Folder 15: 1966Add to your cart.
2 photos
Sub-Series 2: 1969-1977 Oregon State SenateAdd to your cart.
Folder 16: 1968 Senate campaign - Roberts v. Mahoney, 1968-2008Add to your cart.

6 photos

negatives

Folder 17: 1972 Senate campaign, 1972Add to your cart.
Folder 18: 1972 Senate campaign - post-election, 1972 & 2006Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 3: 1974 Oregon Gubernatorial RaceAdd to your cart.
Folder 19: January 1, 1973 pronouncement to run, 1973-2006Add to your cart.
Folder 20: Campaign Information Councelors reports, January-March, 1974Add to your cart.

Proposal for Public Opinion Research on the Democratic Primary Race for Governor, January 1974

The Democratic Primary Race for Governor, Oregon, Febuary-March, 1974

Folder 21: Campaign material, 1973Add to your cart.
Folder 22: Campaign material, 1974Add to your cart.
Includes letter from Oregonian editor William Hilliard.
Box 2Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 3: 1974 Oregon Gubernatorial RaceAdd to your cart.
Folder 1: Campaign packets, 1973-1974Add to your cart.
2 packets, includes "The Record" and later known as "Roberts Record" newsletter
Folder 2: Contacts and notes for press/mediaAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: The Gubernatorial Primary 1974: A Plan, 1973-1974Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Personal correspondence, 1973-1974Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Post-election, May-June 1974 & 1988Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 4: 1974 United States Senate Race, 1974 - 1975Add to your cart.
Folder 6: An Analysis of Political Attitiudes in the State of Oregon, September 1974Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Clippings subject book, undatedAdd to your cart.

Subjects:

Agriculture

Health

Energy

Economy

Housing

Foreign affairs

Defense spending

Tax budget reference

Election reform

Fishing

Aging

Amnesty

Ecology

Social security

Polls

Forums

Folder 8: Clippings subject book, undatedAdd to your cart.

Subjects:

Comment

Profile

Endorsement

Folder 9: Debate clippings and correspondence, 1974-1975Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Debate notes and speeches, 1974Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Fundraising, 1974Add to your cart.
Folder 12: Gretchen Kafoury's file for Roberts' campaign, 1974Add to your cart.
Folder 13: Last weeks of campaign, September-December, 1974Add to your cart.
Folder 14: Memo master file, August-October 1974Add to your cart.
Folder 15: Nomination seeking, undatedAdd to your cart.
Box 3Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 4: 1974 United States Senate RaceAdd to your cart.
Folder 1: Packwood's last minute ad campaign controversy, 1974Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Post-election conciliatory notes and cards, 1974Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Press releases, 1974Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Schedule book / campaign diary, 1974Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Strategy, campaign, and internal office materials, 1974Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 5: 1976 Oregon Senate RaceAdd to your cart.
Folder 6: Campaign material and voter pamphlet, 1975 - 1976Add to your cart.

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Audio and Video, 1962-2009],
[Series 2: Campaigns, 1964-2008],
[Series 3: Clippings, 1941-2011],
[Series 4: Issues, 1905-2008],
[Series 5: Legal Career, 1977-2006],
[Series 6: Legal Organizations and Associations, 1998-2008],
[Series 7: Political Career, 1965-2009],
[Series 8: Presidential Campaigns, 1972-2008],
[Series 9: Speeches, 1971-1999],
[Series 10: Women in Law and Politics, 1971-2010],
[Series 11: Memoir and Memorials],
[Series 12: Photographs, 1966-2004],
[Series 13: Oversized, 1966-1985],
[All]


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