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Governor Barbara Roberts Papers

Overview

Abstract

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Audiovisual

Campaigns

Organizations

Personal

Photographs

Political

Post-gubernatorial

Press

Speeches

Writings



Contact us about this collection

By Katrina Windon

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Collection Overview

Title: Governor Barbara Roberts Papers, 1870-2011Add to your cart.

Predominant Dates:1978-2010

ID: SC/2005.3

Primary Creator: Roberts, Barbara (1936-)

Extent: 49.0 Linear Feet

Arrangement: The original order of the collection has, for the most part, been preserved where present; this order is reflected most clearly in the Speeches series and in the Press by Subject subseries. Beyond these instances, original order was only clearly identifiable at a folder level, and this order has been preserved where present. All original folder titles have been preserved in quotations, though additional descriptive information has been added to further clarify in many cases. Other materials have been grouped into series by subject or format, with an attempt to highlight the distinct stages of Roberts’ career and her involvement with various groups and individuals at both the state and national levels. Within series, except in the cases of following original order (such as for manuscript drafts), subseries and folders have, for the most part, been arranged alphabetically. A notable exception is within the Political Activities series, which has been arranged to roughly reflect the trajectory of Roberts’ career. The audiovisual materials have also been arranged chronologically. When following a chronological order, more general dates follow more specific dates, with undated materials appearing last; when following orders of importance or other internal groupings, more general items follow last.

Date Acquired: 09/13/2005

Subjects: Autism--Government policy, Cambridge (Mass.), Clinton, William J. (William Jefferson), 1946-, Compassion & Choices (Organization), Democratic Party (Or.), Elections--Oregon, Ferraro, Geraldine, Harvard University. John F. Kennedy School of Government, Oregon, Oregon. Governor (1991-1995 : Roberts), Oregon. Land Board, State, Oregon. Legislative Assembly. House of Representatives., Oregon. Secretary of State (1985-1991 : Roberts), Oregon Progress Board, Portland State University, Portland State University. Hatfield School of Government, Roberts, Barbara, 1936-, Roberts, Frank L., 1915-1993, Spotted owl--Oregon., Women Politicians--Oregon

Languages: English, Japanese

Abstract

Barbara Roberts (1936- ) was Oregon’s first female governor (1991-1995). This office was one in a long series of public service that included serving as a lobbyist for education for autistic children, Multnomah County Commissioner, State Representative, and Secretary of State. In addition to papers relating to her time in these offices, the collection also includes materials relating to her involvement with the Democratic Party; materials regarding issues such as gay rights, abortion rights, public transit, and environmental conservation; materials from her post-gubernatorial academic positions at Harvard University and Portland State University; and records from her personal life.  Materials date from her grade school years in Sheridan in 1947 to 2011, though the bulk of the materials fall between 1978 and 2010.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Barbara Roberts Papers relate primarily to her political activities, including her lobbying for education for autistic children, her service as a Multnomah County Commissioner, as a State Representative, as Secretary of State, and as governor. Though her official papers from statewide office are held at the Oregon State Archives, her personal papers offer a complementary insight into the many activities—civic, political, and personal—that Roberts was involved in throughout her life. In addition to materials related to her political offices, the collection includes personal papers relating to family and friends, her advocacy of issues such as gay rights, abortion rights, public transit, and environmental conservation, and materials regarding her post-gubernatorial academic positions at Harvard University and Portland State University. Materials date from her elementary school years in Sheridan in 1947 to 2011, though the bulk of the materials fall between 1978 and 2010. Some collected historical documents predate the primary collection records.

 

The Barbara Roberts Papers are divided into 10 series: Audiovisual; Campaigns; Organizations; Personal; Photographs; Political; Post-gubernatorial; Press; Speeches; and Writings.

 

Collection materials are comprised of audiovisual materials, calendars, campaign memorabilia, certificates, clippings, correspondence, photographs, press releases, reports, manuscripts, newsletters, notes, pins, printed materials, scrapbooks, signs, speeches, textiles, travel materials, and other materials created, collected, or received by Barbara Roberts. Two 3.5” floppy disks present in the collection have been migrated, and are now accessible digitally for on-site users, as are images of plaques and memorabilia that have been returned to Roberts.

Collection Historical Note

The first woman to be elected Governor in Oregon, Barbara Roberts (1936-) served in that position from 1991-1995.  Prior to her term and in the subsequent years, Roberts has been actively involved in Portland and Oregon politics and community organizations. A fourth-generation Oregonian, Roberts was born Barbara Kay Hughey December 21, 1936 in Corvallis, OR, to Bob and Carmen Hughey. She had one younger sister, Patricia (Pat) Welter.Barbara Roberts graduated from Sheridan High School, where she served on the cheerleading squad and as student body secretary, in 1955.  During her senior year, she married her high school sweetheart, Neal Sanders. Following high school, she moved with her husband to Texas, where he was stationedby the Navy. There she gave birth to her two sons, Mike and Mark, before the family moved back to Oregon. She and Sanders divorced in 1972.

            The challenges Roberts faced in finding adequate education for her autistic son, Mike, encouraged her to found the Portland chapter of the National Association for Autistic Children, and then to enter to enter politics as a lobbyist in 1969. While lobbying for Senate Bill 699, which passed in 1971, she met Frank Roberts, a state senator. They later married, in 1974. She first sought elected office at the local level, and served on the Parkrose School Board (1973-1983) as well as on the board of Mt. Hood Community College (1978-1981). Roberts served as a State Representative for District 17 from 1981-1985, and as majority leader  (the first woman to hold that position in Oregon) during her second term. 

            While Secretary of State (1985-1990) she was a strong advocate for a new State Archives building, increased handicapped accessibility to voting precincts, and expanded auditing duties for the Secretary of State office, among other issues. During that period, she was also appointed by Governor Neil Goldschmidt to chair the Governor’s Task Force on Workers’ Compensation Reform.

            In 1990, she won the gubernatorial election with a plurality of the vote, defeating Republican candidate David Frohnmayer. As governor (1991-1995) she faced a variety of challenges, including the passage of Measure 5, a tax cut measure that resulted in severely reduced state budgets and the clash between environmental and economic concerns embodied in the spotted owl issue. Her husband’s terminal illness provided an added complication, and his 1993 death was one of the reasons she cited when declaring her withdrawal from the 1994 gubernatorial race.

            While governor, Roberts worked closely with the Clinton administration, particularly in establishing the Oregon Health Plan and a joint state-federal effort, the Oregon Option. To educate voters about her tax plan, created in the hopes of making up for some of the shortfall created by Measure 5, Roberts pioneered the Conversation with Oregon, an enterprise utilizing the state’s Ed-Net system, to communicate via an interactive video link with voters across the state. Despite this effort and her strong lobbying efforts on behalf of the plan, voters did not pass the plan. She also used the Ed-Net system in her teen pregnancy prevention efforts. Among the many other issues that she has advocated for during and after her time in office are environmental issues, early childhood education, gay rights, pro-choice measures, public transit, and the right to death with dignity.

            After leaving office, Governor Roberts was named director of the Harvard University Program for Senior Executives in State and Local Government (a program that she herself attended while Secretary of State) and a senior fellow to the Women and Public Policy Program.  In 1998, she returned to Portland and accepted a position at Portland State University's Hatfield School of Government's Executive Leadership Institute as Associate Director of Leadership Development; while there, she was involved in the establishment of the Legacy Program.  In 2011, Roberts was appointed to fill a vacancy on the Portland Metro Council. During her post-gubernatorial period, Roberts also embarked on two major writing projects: 2002’s Death Without Denial, Grief Without Apology: A Guide for Facing Death and Loss, which offered both guidance to others and an account of her own experiences with grieving for loved ones, and her 2011 autobiography, Up the Capitol Steps.

Biographical Note

The first woman to be elected Governor in Oregon, Barbara Roberts (1936-) served in that position from 1991-1995.  Prior to her term and in the subsequent years, Roberts has been actively involved in Portland and Oregon politics and community organizations. A fourth-generation Oregonian, Roberts was born Barbara Kay Hughey December 21, 1936 in Corvallis, OR, to Bob and Carmen Hughey. She had one younger sister, Patricia (Pat) Welter. Barbara Roberts graduated from Sheridan High School, where she served on the cheerleading squad and as student body secretary, in 1955.  During her senior year, she married her high school sweetheart, Neal Sanders. Following high school, she moved with her husband to Texas, where he was stationed by the Navy. There she gave birth to her two sons, Mike and Mark, before the family moved back to Oregon. She and Sanders divorced in 1972.

The challenges Roberts faced in finding adequate education for her autistic son, Mike, encouraged her to found the Portland chapter of the National Society for Autistic Children, and then to enter to enter politics as a lobbyist in 1969. While lobbying for Senate Bill 699, which passed in 1971, she met Frank Roberts, a state senator. They later married, in 1974. She first sought elected office at the local level, and served on the Parkrose School Board (1973-1983) as well as on the board of Mt. Hood Community College (1978-1981). Roberts served as a State Representative for District 17 from 1981-1985, and as majority leader  (the first woman to hold that position in Oregon) during her second term.

While Secretary of State (1985-1990) she was a strong advocate for a new State Archives building, increased handicapped accessibility to voting precincts, and expanded auditing duties for the Secretary of State office, among other issues. During that period, she was also appointed by Governor Neil Goldschmidt to chair the Governor’s Task Force on Workers’ Compensation Reform.

In 1990, she won the gubernatorial election with a plurality of the vote, defeating Republican candidate David Frohnmayer. As governor (1991-1995) she faced a variety of challenges, including the passage of Measure 5, a tax cut measure that resulted in severely reduced state budgets, and the clash between environmental and economic concerns embodied in the spotted owl issue. Her husband’s terminal illness provided an added complication, and his 1993 death was one of the reasons she cited when declaring her withdrawal from the 1994 gubernatorial race.

While governor, Roberts worked closely with the Clinton administration, particularly in establishing the Oregon Health Plan and a joint state-federal effort, the Oregon Option. To educate voters about her tax plan, created in the hopes of making up for some of the shortfall created by Measure 5, Roberts pioneered the Conversation with Oregon, an enterprise utilizing the state’s Ed-Net system, to communicate via an interactive video link with voters across the state. Despite this effort and her strong lobbying efforts on behalf of the plan, voters did not pass the plan. She also used the Ed-Net system in her teen pregnancy prevention efforts. Among the many other issues that she has advocated for during and after her time in office are environmental issues, early childhood education, gay rights, pro-choice measures, public transit, and the right to death with dignity.

After leaving office, Governor Roberts was named director of the Harvard University Program for Senior Executives in State and Local Government (a program that she herself attended while Secretary of State) and a senior fellow to the Women and Public Policy Program.  In 1998, she returned to Portland and accepted a position at Portland State University's Hatfield School of Government's Executive Leadership Institute as Associate Director of Leadership Development; while there, she was involved in the establishment of the Legacy Program.  In 2011, Roberts was appointed to fill a vacancy on the Portland Metro Council. During her post-gubernatorial period, Roberts also embarked on two major writing projects: 2002’s Death Without Denial, Grief Without Apology: A Guide for Facing Death and Loss, which offered both guidance to others and an account of her own experiences with grieving for loved ones, and her 2011 autobiography, Up the Capitol Steps.

Subject/Index Terms

Autism--Government policy
Cambridge (Mass.)
Clinton, William J. (William Jefferson), 1946-
Compassion & Choices (Organization)
Democratic Party (Or.)
Elections--Oregon
Ferraro, Geraldine
Harvard University. John F. Kennedy School of Government
Oregon
Oregon. Governor (1991-1995 : Roberts)
Oregon. Land Board, State
Oregon. Legislative Assembly. House of Representatives.
Oregon. Secretary of State (1985-1991 : Roberts)
Oregon Progress Board
Portland State University
Portland State University. Hatfield School of Government
Roberts, Barbara, 1936-
Roberts, Frank L., 1915-1993
Spotted owl--Oregon.
Women Politicians--Oregon

Administrative Information

Repository: Finding Aids: Special Collections & University Archives

Access Restrictions: Collection is open to research.

Technical Access Note: Obsolete audiovisual materials that have not yet been digitized may not currently be viewable.

Acquisition Source: Barbara Roberts

Related Materials: Official government records from the Governor Barbara Roberts Administration are held at the Oregon State Archives. Materials from her terms as Secretary of State are included in its holdings for the Office of the Secretary of State. For more information please see http://arcweb.sos.state.or.us/pages/records/governors/guides/state/roberts/robertsseries.html.

Related Publications: Susan Madsen's 2005-2008 correspondence and interviews with Barbara Roberts (Regarding Interviews, Box 8) later resulted in a chapter in her book, Developing Leadership: Learning from the Experiences of Women Governors (2009).


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Audiovisual, 1984-2010],
[Series 2: Campaigns, 1977-1995],
[Series 3: Organizations, 1955-2010],
[Series 4: Personal, 1870-2015],
[Series 5: Photographs, ca. 1970-2010],
[Series 6: Political, 1969-2011],
[Series 7: Post-gubernatorial, 1995-2016],
[Series 8: Press, 1978-2010],
[Series 9: Speeches, 1978-2008],
[Series 10: Writings, 1972-2010],
[All]

Series 2: Campaigns, 1977-1995Add to your cart.
The Campaigns series contains materials relating to Barbara Roberts’ campaigns for elected office, as well materials regarding her consideration of campaigns for Senate that she did not choose to undertake.  The most complete subseries relates to her campaign for governor, which includes official campaign contributions and expenditures reports, as well as the sorts of campaign materials, press, and correspondence that may be found throughout the series.
Sub-Series 1: Parkrose School Board, 1977Add to your cart.
Box 4Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Correspondence and Campaign Materials, 1977Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 2: Mt. Hood Community College Board of Education, ca. 1978Add to your cart.
Box 4Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Signature Sheet, Special District Petition, ca. 1978Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 3: State Representative, 1980Add to your cart.
Box 4Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Campaign Materials, Press, and Voter's Guides, 1980Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 4: State Representative, Re-election, 1982Add to your cart.
Box 4Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Campaign Materials, Press, and Voter's Guides, 1982Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 5: Secretary of State, 1983-1984Add to your cart.
Box 47Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Calendar, 1984Add to your cart.
Folder 14: Press- Photo of Roberts with Mikes Covering Her Eyes, 1990Add to your cart.
Box 4Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Calendars, January-June 1984, 1984Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Campaign Events, 1984Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Campaign Issues--Speeches, Notes, and Research, 1983-1984Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Campaign Logisitics--Plans, Polls, and Ad Buys, 1983-1984Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Campaign Materials, 1984Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Campaign Scrapbooks, 1984Add to your cart.
3 scrapbooks
Folder 8: Correspondence, 1983-1984Add to your cart.
Includes photographs
Folder 9: Endorsements, 1984Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Fundraising, 1984Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Photographs, ca. 1983-1984Add to your cart.
Folder 12: Photographs for Voter's Pamphlet, 1984Add to your cart.
Folder 13: Press, 1984Add to your cart.
Folder 16: "Summary Report of 1984 Campaign Contributions and Expenditures, 1984 General Election", 1984Add to your cart.
Folder 18: Voter's Guides, 1984Add to your cart.
Box OversizedAdd to your cart.
Folder 15: Sign, 1984Add to your cart.
Box 44Add to your cart.
Folder 17: T-shirts, ca. 1984Add to your cart.
One shirt has the "110 Years" slogan, to indicate how long it had been since a Democrat held the office
Sub-Series 6: Consideration of a 1986 U.S. Senate RaceAdd to your cart.
Box 4Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Clippings, 1986Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Notes and Correspondence, 1986Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 7: Secretary of State, Re-electionAdd to your cart.
Box 4Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Campaign Materials, Schedules, and Certificate of Nomination, 1988Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Press and Voter's Guides, 1988Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 8: Governor, 1990-1993Add to your cart.
Box 4Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Campaign Budget Report, 8/8/1990, 1990Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Campaign Events, October 1990, 1990Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Campaign Events and Speeches, 1990Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Campaign Materials, 1990Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Campaign Staff and Volunteer Memos, 1990Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Contributions and Expenditures, 1990 Primary 1st Pre-election, 4/5/1990, 1990Add to your cart.
Box 5Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Contributions and Expenditures, 1990 Primary Amendment 1st Pre-election, 1990Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Contributions and Expenditures, 1990 Primary 2nd Pre-election, 5/6/1990, 1990Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Contributions and Expenditures, 1990 Primary Amendment 2nd Pre-election, 1990Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Contributions and Expenditures, 1990 Special Pre-election Report, 1990Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Contributions and Expenditures, 1990 Post-election, 6/4/1990, 1990Add to your cart.
Folder 12: Contributions and Expenditures, General 1990 1st Pre-election, 1990Add to your cart.
2 folders
Folder 13: Contributions and Expenditures, 1990 General 1st Pre-election, 9/27/1990, 1990Add to your cart.
Folder 14: Contributions and Expenditures, 1990 Primary Amendment Post-election, 1990Add to your cart.
Folder 15: Contributions and Expenditures, 1990 General Amendment 1st Pre-election, 1990Add to your cart.
Folder 16: Contributions and Expenditures, General 1990 1st Pre-election, 1990Add to your cart.
Folder 17: Contributions and Expenditures, 1990 General Post-election, 11/26/1990, 1990Add to your cart.
2 folders
Folder 18: Contributions and Expenditures, 1990 General 2nd Pre-election, 10/28/1990, 1990Add to your cart.
Folder 19: Contributions and Expenditures, 1990 General Special Pre-election, 11/4/1990, 1990Add to your cart.
Folder 20: Contributions and Expenditures, 1990 General Amendment 2nd Pre-election, 1990Add to your cart.
Folder 21: Contributions and Expenditures, 1990 General Amendment Post-election, 1990Add to your cart.
Folder 22: Contributions and Expenditures, 1990 General Supplemental, 9/1/1991, 1991Add to your cart.
Folder 23: Contributions and Expenditures, 1990 General Amendment- Supplemental, 1991, 1991Add to your cart.
Folder 24: Contributions and Expenditures, General 1990 Annual Supplemental, 1992, 1992Add to your cart.
Folder 25: Contributions and Expenditures, 1990 General Amendment- Supplemental, 1992, 1992Add to your cart.
Folder 26: Contributions and Expenditures, 1990 General Supplemental, 9/1/1993, 1993Add to your cart.
Folder 27: Contributions and Expenditures, 1990 General Amendment- Supplemental, 1993, 1993Add to your cart.
Box 6aAdd to your cart.
Folder 28: Correspondence--campaign volunteers, 1990Add to your cart.
Folder 29: Correspondence--from friends and supporters, 1990Add to your cart.
Folder 30: Correspondence--from those disagreeing on issues, 1990Add to your cart.
Folder 32: Fundraising, 1990Add to your cart.
Folder 32a: April 28, 1990 Red BinderAdd to your cart.
Folder 33: General, 1990Add to your cart.
Candidacy announcement, endorsements, polls, press, state sign efforts
Folder 34: Issues--"Barbara Roberts for Governor: A Vision for Oregon's Future", 1990Add to your cart.
Bound position statements
Folder 35: Issues--Conservation, Housing, and the Timber Crisis, 1990Add to your cart.
Folder 36: Issues--Position Statements and Notes, 1990Add to your cart.
Folder 38: Notes, Speech Drafts, Debate Materials, and Issues Research, 1990Add to your cart.
Folder 39: Photographs, 1990Add to your cart.
Folder 40: Press Releases, 1990Add to your cart.
Folder 41: Schedules and Schedule Requests, 1990Add to your cart.
Folder 42a: Journal Writing, 1990Add to your cart.
Box OversizedAdd to your cart.
Folder 31: Debates- Caricature of Roberts from Pacific University Gubernatorial Debate, 9/30/90, 1990Add to your cart.
Folder 37: Lawn Sign, 1990Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 9: Governor, Re-election, 1993-1994Add to your cart.
Box 6BAdd to your cart.
Folder 1: Focus Group Research, 1993Add to your cart.
Folder 2: Planning and Fundraising, 1993Add to your cart.
Folder 2a: Re-election funding budgetAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: Withdrawal from Governor's Race, 1994Add to your cart.
Box 17BAdd to your cart.
Folder 41a: Speech to Oregon Trial Lawyers, August 10,1990.Add to your cart.
Folder 42a: Emily's List, 1993Add to your cart.
Folder 43a: Finance, 1994Add to your cart.
Folder 44a: Finance, 1994Add to your cart.
Folder 45a: Payroll, 1990-1993Add to your cart.
Folder 46a: Payroll, 1990-1993Add to your cart.
Folder 47a: Payroll, 1990-1993Add to your cart.
Folder 48a: Care and feeding of the candidate, undated.Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 10: Consideration of a U.S. Senate Run, 1995, 1995Add to your cart.
Box 6BAdd to your cart.
Folder 1: Correspondence, Notes, Announcement, and Press, 1995Add to your cart.

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Audiovisual, 1984-2010],
[Series 2: Campaigns, 1977-1995],
[Series 3: Organizations, 1955-2010],
[Series 4: Personal, 1870-2015],
[Series 5: Photographs, ca. 1970-2010],
[Series 6: Political, 1969-2011],
[Series 7: Post-gubernatorial, 1995-2016],
[Series 8: Press, 1978-2010],
[Series 9: Speeches, 1978-2008],
[Series 10: Writings, 1972-2010],
[All]


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